1999
Annual
Report
The Fund for
Modern Courts
Dedicated to improving the administration of justice in New York State

The 1999 Samuel J. Duboff Memorial Award was presented to the volunteers of
My Sisters’ Place, a nonprofit organization that provides assistance to victims of domes-
tic violence. Based in Westchester County, New York, My Sisters’ Place has long served
the Hudson Valley by helping victims to navigate the family and criminal courts, while
offering them food and shelter, short-term counseling,
welfare advocacy, referrals to other groups, and resi-
dential and non-residential support services.
The 1999 Duboff Award was presented by Hon.
Eliot Spitzer, Attorney General of the State of New
York, and was accepted by Shari Zarkin on behalf of
the volunteers. The presentation was held in conjunc-
tion with a luncheon forum held at the White Plains
Public Library. The event
included a keynote address
by the Attorney General,
and was followed by a
panel discussion on ways
the courts can aid victims
with “unseen injuries”—
e.g., economic, psychologi-
cal, and other harms that
may result from domestic violence, but that, unlike
physical injuries, may not be visible. Panelists includ-
ed Hon. Joan O. Cooney, Supervising Judge of the
Westchester County Family Court; Gretchen Mullins
Kim, Legal Director of My Sisters’ Place; Lisi Lord,
Assistant Executive Director of My Sisters’ Place; and
“Jayne,” a survivor of domestic violence who now vol-
unteers with My Sisters’ Place. The luncheon forum
was made possible through the generosity of ITT
Industries, which provided funding for the event.
Each year, the Duboff Award recognizes non-lawyers who make outstanding con-
tributions to improving the quality of justice in New York. The award, first presented in
1986, is named for the late Samuel J. Duboff, who served as the Chair of Modern Courts’
Executive Committee for 19 years. A partner in the account-
ing firm of Ernst & Whinney, Mr. Duboff was a respected
leader of many civic, social service, and arts organizations,
and was well-known for encouraging others to volun-
teer their time to community service. The
Duboff family continues to maintain sig-
nificant ties to the Hudson Valley, the
region served by My Sisters’ Place.
Mr. Duboff’s son, David B.
Duboff, is a valued mem-
ber of Modern Courts’
Board of Directors.
Panelists, from left: “Jayne”;
Lisi Lord; Gretchen Mullins
Kim; and Hon. Joan O.
Cooney.
Left: Executive Director
Steven M. Zeidman
welcomes guests and
introduces participants;
right, Attorney General
Eliot Spitzer presents
the award to Shari
Zarkin, who accepts
it on behalf of the
volunteers of My
Sisters’ Place.
The Samuel J. Duboff
Memorial Award
Past winners of the Samuel J. Duboff
Memorial Award include:
1998 The volunteers of the Children’s
Centers of the courts of New York
State
1997 Supervised Visitation Programs
of New York State
1996 Dolores DelBello, former
member of the Commission on
Judicial Conduct
1995 The City-Wide Task Force on
Housing Court
1994 Rochester Church Women
United’s Task Force on Courts
1993 Pauline Feingold, court reform
activist
1992 John P. MacKenzie and Leonard W.
Halpert, editorial writers who have
supported court reform
1990 Court Appointed Special
Advocates (CASA) Association
1989 League of Women Voters and
its judicial directors
1988 Community Dispute Resolution
Centers Program
1987 Lillemor T. Robb, former chair
of the Commission on Judicial
Conduct
1986 Dutchess and Westchester
County Court Monitors

The Fund for Modern Courts is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, statewide court
reform organization dedicated to improving the quality and administration of jus-
tice in New York. Efforts to enhance the quality, diversity, and independence of the
judiciary are at the core of our mission.
Citizen Court Monitoring
In 1975, Modern Courts created the nation's first citizen court monitoring
program. Currently active in 16 counties across the state, our volunteer monitors
evaluate New York's courts from the perspective of the ordinary citizen. They
observe their local courts and make recommendations for improvement, and thus
provide an “outsider’s” perspective on the efficiency and effectiveness of the courts
and the judiciary. In 1999, monitors assessed Family Courts in New York City and
the Capital District, the Criminal Courts of the City of New York, and the County and
District Courts of Long Island. They also released reports on the Bronx County
Housing Court and the Rockland County Family Court. Modern Courts also partici-
pated in the first national conference on citizen court monitoring, held in Santa Fe,
New Mexico.
Judicial Selection and Judicial Campaign Finance Reform
For the last 45 years, the cornerstone of Modern Courts’ mission has been
the effort to improve New York’s method of selecting judges. From the day of our
founding, we have fought to remove the influence of money and politics from the
selection process by working to institute a merit selection system, in which judges
are appointed via a non-partisan procedure on the basis of their qualifications.
While we continue to fight for merit selection, our Task Force on Judicial
Campaign Finance Reform has begun work on a second front, by tackling the role
and effects of money and politics in our existing elective system.
The Task Force has attacked New York’s system of fiduciary appointments,
via which lawyers make financial contributions to the election campaigns of public
officials, including judges, in exchange for lucrative retainers or fee-paying
appointments, such as guardianships and receiverships. Modern Courts has long
been a harsh critic of this practice, known as “pay-to-play,” and continues to press
for reform in the wake of a scandal involving judicial appointments in Brooklyn. In
1999, Modern Courts’ staff has engaged in a variety of activities designed to raise
public awareness of the need for judicial campaign finance reform, including a
public forum in the Capital District and service on a national task force.
Strengthening Public Confidence
Modern Courts also worked to fulfill the second prong of its mission by par-
ticipating in educational and outreach programs designed to strengthen public
confidence in the courts. We sponsored one forum on navigating the New York City
Housing Court, and another in the Capital District on the need to restructure New
York’s courts; we participated in the National Conference on Public Trust and
Test type
Report
To Our
Constituents
1


Confidence in the Justice System, held in May in Washington, D.C.; and we contin-
ued distribution of our newest and most popular guide to the courts: Taking
Action Against Abuse: A Guide to the Courts for Victims of Domestic Violence
in New York State.
In addition, our legislative affiliate, the Committee for Modern Courts, boldly
called for legislative action on those issues that continue to be of the greatest
importance to citizens who must use New York’s courts: court restructuring, merit
selection of judges, reform of the judiciary’s system of fiduciary appointments,
judicial independence, increased funding for civil legal services, increased com-
pensation for appointed counsel, the return of cameras to the courts, and the need
for greater resources for courts around the state.
1999 also marked the beginning of new leadership at Modern Courts:
Michael A. Cardozo was elected as Chair of the Board of Directors, Peter A. Cross
was elected as Chair of the Executive Committee, and Steven M. Zeidman was
appointed as Executive Director.*
With your support, Modern Courts will maintain its leading role in helping to
make the court system more accessible, efficient, and user-friendly. We look for-
ward to continued success in 2000, and we thank the many public-spirited corpo-
rations, foundations, law firms, and individuals (listed later in this report) who
have contributed so generously to our efforts to improve the quality of justice in
New York.
Report
To Our
Constituents
3
* Mr. Zeidman joined Modern Courts on August 1, 1999.
From January to August, Barbara Reed served as Acting Executive Director.
Michael A. Cardozo, Chair
Peter A. Cross, Chair
Steven M. Zeidman
Board of Directors
Executive Committee
Executive Director
Taking Action Against Abuse:
A Guide to the Courts
for Victims of Domestic Violence
in New York State
The Fund for Modern Courts, Inc.

Thank you for your letter of September 2, 1999
regarding the Schenectady City Court….Once
again I personally thank you for your continued
efforts to benefit the court system.
Hon. Jan H. Plumadore
Administrative Judge
Fourth Judicial District
State of New York
On behalf of the Mayor, I would like
to thank you and the Bronx Citizens’
Court Monitoring Project for the
detailed research and careful analysis
of the report. Please be assured that
the report’s recommendations will be
given due consideration when future
policy alternatives are evaluated.
The Fund for Modern Courts makes a
valuable contributution. Once again,
thank you for your input and findings.
Steven M. Fishner
Criminal Justice Coordinator
Office of the Mayor
City of New York

In 1975, the Fund for Modern Courts pioneered an initiative designed to give
New York citizens a powerful voice in how their courts are run. This groundbreaking
program, known as citizen court monitoring, is straightforward: From around the
state, groups of non-lawyer volunteers observe court proceedings on a regular basis.
The monitors evaluate the courts from the point of view of those outside the system,
and recommend improvements to make the courts more efficient and user-friendly for
the average person. The monitors’ findings and recommendations are then published
by Modern Courts and released to court administrators, judges, court personnel, law-
makers, bar associations, civic groups, and the media.
For 24 years, citizen court monitoring has been the centerpiece
of Modern Courts’ efforts to involve the public in improving the
administration of justice. Our award-winning program has been cited
by the American Bar Association as one the country’s most effective
projects “in bringing problems to light and proposing changes to cor-
rect shortcomings.” The National Center for State Courts has applaud-
ed it as one of the “most well-run court monitoring programs in the
nation.” The American Judicature Society, in presenting Modern
Courts with its 1984 Justice Award, described it as “the catalyst for
virtually every worthwhile judicial improvement in New York State,”
and “the model for jurisdictions elsewhere striving to make the jus-
tice system more responsive to citizen needs.” Today, our volunteer
court monitors number more than 600 and work in 16 counties
across New York. Their dedication has helped to educate both the
judiciary and the public, has made the courts more accountable to
the communities they serve, and has produced tangible reforms that
benefit all New Yorkers.
Local Efforts
In 1999, monitors continued to concentrate on those courts in
which the average citizen is most likely to come into contact with the
justice system. They issued reports on the Bronx County Housing
Court and the Rockland County Family Court. Monitors evaluated the
Family Courts in all five boroughs of New York City, and the District
Courts of Nassau and Suffolk Counties. In Westchester County, moni-
tors finished their assessment of the County Court and the Criminal
Branch of Supreme Court, and began evaluating all three locations of the Westchester
County Family Court. Upstate, the Capital District Court Monitors completed two pro-
jects: the first in the Schenectady County Family Court, and the second in the
Schenectady City Court. Publication of all final reports is slated for 2000.
Tangible Results
In 1999, Modern Courts was asked to assist in the effort to obtain new court
facilities in Brooklyn and the Bronx. Monitors’ findings provided the basis for Modern
Courts’ testimony in support of the new courthouses.
In Brooklyn, the Family Court and the Criminal Branch of Supreme Court are
Report On
Citizen Court
Monitoring
5
Thank you for sending me an
advance copy of the Nassau
County Court Monitors’ Report
on the Family Court. The court
monitors have taken their
work seriously and produced a
report that reflects considerable
satisfaction with the overall
operation of the Court while
addressing many of the concerns
that can impede the Courts’
operation…. As usual, I
appreciate the fine efforts of
the court monitors and am
grateful for the recommendations
made by the Fund toward
increasing the efficiency of the
courts and their responsiveness
to the public.
Hon. Jonathan Lippman
Chief Administrative Judge
State of New York

Report On
Citizen Court
Monitoring
6
currently housed in separate buildings. During
the summer, land use review proceedings com-
menced on a proposal for a new combined
facility. In hearings before Community Board
2, the Office of the Borough President, the
City Planning Commission, and the City
Council, monitors’ findings provided a
graphic picture of the urgent need for new
facilities: They described the Family Court
as “dark,” “dismal,” and “depressing,”
subject to “severe overcrowding,” and
lacking any client conferencing space or
child care facilities. In their 1996
report, monitors had made it abun-
dantly clear that “most of the problems
are caused by space shortages that can
only be solved by moving to a larger
building.” In a 1997 report, monitors
had also cited many of the same defi-
ciencies in the Supreme Court,
Criminal Branch. Additionally, they
highlighted security and other
problems created by the need to
transport handcuffed prisoners in
public areas of the courthouse.
In the Bronx, the proposed
facility would house the Criminal Branch
of the Supreme Court and the Bronx County Branch of the Criminal Court
of the City of New York. Again, Modern Courts turned to its monitors’ findings to make
the case for the new courthouse. As long ago as 1992 and 1995, monitors had
described the existing facilities as “dark,” “dismal,” and “depressing”; “crowded,”
“poorly lit,” and “filthy”; and “beyond description,” “shabby,” “dirty,” and “disgust-
ing.” They found the Criminal Court to be utterly inaccessible for people with physical
disabilities, and criticized the absence of conferencing space and child care facilities.
Thanks in part to the monitors’ findings and the efforts of Modern Courts’
staff, both projects were approved in late 1999, and groundbreaking is expected
during the coming year.
National Influence
Citizen court monitoring is gaining attention across the nation. As the pioneer
in this effort, Modern Courts remains the standard-bearer, providing information and
assistance to groups in other states that seek to evaluate and improve their courts.
In late October, Modern Courts participated in the first-ever national confer-
ence on court monitoring, co-sponsored by WATCH of Minneapolis and the Santa Fe

Court Monitors, and held in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Associate
Executive Director Barbara E. Reed represented Modern Courts at
this landmark event, and she delivered presentations on three topics:
the philosophy and purpose of citizen court monitoring; training of
volunteers; and public and media outreach. Since the conference,
Modern Courts continues to share information with other groups and
to provide guidance to those seeking to launch new programs.
Agenda for a New Millennium
The year 2000 will mark the silver anniversary of Modern
Courts’ citizen court monitoring program. To celebrate 25 years of
citizen involvement in improving the administration of justice,
Modern Courts is planning a follow-up event to the 1999 conference.
In addition, Modern Courts looks forward to the inauguration in
2000 of an exciting new partnership with the New York State Office
of Court Administration and the City University of New York’s John Jay
College of Criminal Justice. In an initiative organized by Executive
Director Steven Zeidman, students in two separate courses at John
Jay College will participate in Modern Courts’ monitoring program as
a condition of enrollment; 38 students are scheduled to take part.
Under the auspices of the Office of Court Administration, members of
the judiciary will meet with students in the classroom setting to share
information and obtain feedback on the students’ findings. Mr.
Zeidman is currently negotiating to expand the partnership, which will greatly
increase the diversity of Modern Courts’ pool of monitors, and will enable the moni-
toring program to expand its efforts to meet the twin goals of public education and
court reform. Finally, reports slated for release in 2000 will continue to address
problems in local courts around the state, and Modern Courts’ newly-enhanced pool
of monitors will continue their dedicated efforts to improve the administration of jus-
tice for all New Yorkers.
Report On
Citizen Court
Monitoring
7
On behalf of all of the judicial and
non-judicial personnel at Kings
County Supreme Court, I thank
you once again for your ongoing
support of this endeavor. In
response to our many requests,
you have given freely of your
time and expertise as an advocate
for court improvement. Your
testimony unquestionably helped
us achieve this great success,
and we could not have done it
without you. I am personally
grateful for your friendship and
assistance.
Hon. Michael L. Pesce
Administrative Judge
Second Judicial District
Supreme Court of the State of New York
I would like to express my thanks for your statement of support
for the Bronx Criminal Court Complex at the public hearing held by
the Bronx Borough President’s Office on August 10, 1999…. I know
that supporting a project such as this can present challenging
issues to those who work daily in the courts and the community
in which those courts are located. Your decision to outline the
need for this new facility from your unique perspective is much
appreciated and provided the background to the City’s decision
to propose the project.
Steven M. Fishner
Criminal Justice Coordinator
Office of the Mayor
City of New York

One group, the Fund for Modern
Courts, said that last year it formed
a task force to look into the role that
receiverships play in the larger issue
of judicial campaign financing. The
group expects to release a report on
its findings in the coming months,
said its associate director, Barbara
Reed.
“It’s all fine and good to say that
judicial elections are democratic,
but in terms of their practical effect
they’re not democratic,” Ms. Reed
said, “People aren’t getting the
whole picture. In effect, they are
voting for who the party says are the
nominees.”

Community
Outreach
and
Education
9
Below: Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye
delivers the keynote address
at Modern Courts’ Strategic
Conference on Court Restructuring.
Left: Conference panelists, from
left, Melinda Aikins Bass; Jeanne
B. Mullgrav; Jay G. Safer; Evelyn M.
Stock; Hon. Franz S. Leichter.
Each year, outreach events on court-related topics serve as an important part of
Modern Courts’ effort to educate the public about the courts and to build a constituen-
cy for court reform.
Court Restructuring
In 1999, Modern Courts sponsored two public events to emphasize the urgent
need to restructure New York’s antiquated court system. The purpose of each event
was to develop methods for achieving meaningful reform, as participants analyzed
goals and strategies for revitalizing Chief Judge Kaye’s proposal for streamlining the
state’s labyrinth of courts.
In January, more than 200 people attended a “Strategic Conference on Court
Restructuring,” organized by our lobbying and advocacy organization, the Committee
for Modern Courts, and held at Fordham University School of Law. New York State Chief
Judge Judith S. Kaye delivered the keynote address, reminding attendees of the desper-
ate need for reform and rallying them to a renewed sense of urgency, enthusiasm, and
commitment. Her call to action was echoed first by Chief Administrative Judge Jonathan
Lippman, and then by the members of a panel on goals and strategies for achieving
reform. Serving as panelists were Melinda Aikins Bass, President of the Women’s Bar
Association of the State of New York; Hon. Franz S. Leichter, former member of the New
York State Senate; Jeanne B. Mullgrav, Director of Court Programs, Victim Services; Jay
G. Safer, Chair, Task Force on Court Restructuring, Association of the Bar of the City of
New York; and Evelyn Stock, President, League of Women Voters of New York State. The
event was moderated by Fern Schair, a former Chair of Modern Courts’ Executive
Committee.*
The excitement generated by the rally was highlighted in Chief Judge Kaye’s State
of the Judiciary Address in February, as she described her own reactions:
I wish you could have seen the enthusiasm, felt the energy of the hundreds of representa-
tives of community groups, bar groups, civic groups that attended. They know, as we
know, that court restructuring will make the courts easier to understand, easier to navi-
gate, easier to manage…. Court restructuring is a mighty idea, a powerful idea, an ox of
an idea, an idea that can move mountains. I feel certain that if we all pulled together, we
could get that ox out of the ditch and put it to work building a court system for the 21st
century.
In June, Modern Courts also sponsored a Capital District forum entitled
Streamlining Justice: Why New York Needs Court Restructuring Now. Helga A.
Schroeter, Modern Courts’ Capital District Coordinator, organized the event, which was
moderated by Hon. John R. Dunne, a member of Modern Courts’ Board of Directors.

Community
Outreach
and
Education
10
Serving as panelists were Hon. G. Douglas Griset, Supervising Judge, Schenectady
County Family Court; David L. Gruenberg, Esq., Counsel, New York State Senate
Judiciary Committee; Evelyn M. Stock, President, League of Women Voters of New York
State; and Hon. Joseph J. Traficanti, Jr., Deputy Chief Administrative Judge of the State
of New York.*
Navigating the New York City Housing Court
In April, Modern Courts organized a forum entitled Navigating the New York
City Housing Court: Tips for Tenants and Landlords. The program, designed for
non-lawyers, featured experienced panelists who discussed how to avoid a trip to
Housing Court; once there, how to navigate the system; options that can make the
process easier for both tenants and landlords; and ways to improve the process.
Serving as panelists were Angelita M. Anderson, Esq., of the City-Wide Task Force on
Housing Court; Vince Castellano, owner representative to the New York City Rent
Guidelines Board; I Scott Edelstein, Esq., of Novick, Edelstein, Lubell, Reisman,
Wasserman & Leventhal, P.C.; Robert D. Goldstein, Esq., of Borah Goldstein Altschuler
& Schwartz, PC; and Kenneth Rosenfeld, Esq., of Northern Manhattan Improvement
Corporation.* The forum was moderated by Modern Courts director Alfreida B. Kenny,
Esq., and was held at Fordham University School of Law.
Improving Public Trust
In 1998, the American Bar Association, the Conference of Chief Justices, the
Conference of State Court Administrators, and the League of Women Voters launched a
Panelists, from left,
Hon. Joseph J. Traficanti, Jr.;
David Gruenberg;
Evelyn M. Stock;
Hon. G. Douglas Griset.
Hon. John R. Dunne moderates
the forum.

national initiative to improve the public’s confidence in the American justice system.
The chief justices of all fifty states participated in this effort by creating state-specific
initiatives in their own jurisdictions that were designed to improve relations between
the justice system and the public it serves. In New York, Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye
founded a “Committee to Promote Public Trust and Confidence in the Legal System,”
comprising leaders of the bench, bar, legislative and executive branches of govern-
ment, and organizations dedicated to the public interest. In March, at the committee’s
invitation, Modern Courts provided testimony on methods to encourage public confi-
dence in New York’s justice system, emphasizing the critical need to restructure the
state’s inefficient and outdated court system.
In May, the state delegations convened again in Washington, D.C., for the first
National Conference on Public Trust and Confidence in the Justice System. At the invita-
tion of the National Center for State Courts (NCSC), Modern Courts attended the confer-
ence as NCSC’s guest, and joined some 500 other leaders of the legal and public-interest
communities in sharing information and resources, and in seeking new and effective
methods of improving public education while simultaneously enhancing public trust.
National Jury Summit 2001
In the fall, Executive Director Steven Zeidman was invited to join the planning
committee for the National Jury Summit 2001, an event slated for January, 2001, and
organized by the New York State Office of Court Administration (OCA) and the National
Center for State Courts (NCSC). The summit will bring together representatives from all
fifty states and from other select groups to discuss the need and to describe the impe-
tus for jury reform, to showcase changes in jury systems across the nation and their
methods of implementation, and to develop a national focus on jury system innova-
tions. Mr. Zeidman subsequently agreed to become a member of the Summit Advisory
Committee, and will play an active role in this national effort.
11
Community
Outreach
and
Education
PHOTO COPYRIGHT 1999 BY BEVERLY REZNECK. REPRINTED WITH MS. REZNECK’S PERMISSION.
Several delegates from
New York to the National
Conference on Public Trust
and Confidence in the
Justice System. Bottom,
from left: Former Governor
Mario Cuomo; Chief Judge
Judith S.Kaye. Top, from
left: Hon. Evelyn Frazee;
Sharon S. Gerstman;
Paticia K . Bucklin; Hon.
William C. Thompson;
Hon. Jonathan Lippman;
Evelyn M. Stock; Beverly
McQueary Smith; Barbara
E. Reed; James C. Moore;
Thomas O. Rice.

Community
Outreach
and
Education
12
Judicial Campaign Finance Reform
Modern Courts’ Task Force on Judicial Campaign Finance Reform continues its
efforts to eliminate the role of money and politics in judicial selection. Calling publicly
for reform, directors and staff sought to educate the public through several venues,
including letters, articles, and interviews with reporters for such publications as The
New York Times, the New York Law Journal, the Daily News, Newsday, and
Metropolitan Corporate Counsel. Associate Executive Director Barbara E. Reed rep-
resented Modern Courts on the national Task Force on Selecting State Court Judges, a
project of Citizens for Independent Courts, and she served as co-reporter for the Task
Force’s final report, Choosing Justice: Reforming the Selection of State Judges. She
also served as a guest lecturer in a course taught by Hon. David Saxe, Judicial Process
Seminar, at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where she discussed issues relat-
ed to judicial selection.
Modern Courts closed the year on an active note, hosting a December
forum in the Capital District, entitled Defending Judicial Independence:
Campaign Finance Reform and Judicial Elections. The event was moderat-
ed by Dean Thomas H. Sponsler of Albany Law School,
who is also a Vice Chair of the Committee for Modern
Courts. Serving as panelists were Barbara Bartoletti,
Legislative Action Director of the League of Women Voters
of New York State; Hon. W. Dennis Duggan, Albany County
Family Court Judge; Erik Joerss, Director of Lobbying and
Grass Roots, Common Cause/NY; and Barbara E. Reed,
Associate Executive Director of Modern Courts. In addi-
tion, Modern Courts was an outspoken leader in criticiz-
ing an end-of-year patronage scandal that erupted in
Brooklyn, involving allegations that judges granted lucra-
tive fiduciary appointments to lawyers who contributed to
the judges’ campaigns or who maintained other partisan
political connections. Finally, Modern Courts continued to
expand its outreach, meeting with a delegation of
Japanese judges to discuss judicial selection, indepen-
dence, and discipline in New York.
Dean Thomas H. Sponsler
moderates the discussion
on judicial campaign
finance reform. Panelists
from left to right: Erik
Joerss; Barbara Bartoletti;
Barbara E. Reed; Hon. W.
Dennis Duggan.

Modern Courts in the Media
Modern Courts continued hosting its own monthly Court Radio program on
WVOX-AM in Westchester County. Guests included Leo Glickman, Esq., Chief of
Candidate Services of the New York City Campaign Finance Board; Steven Jon Levine,
Esq., of Levine & Zelman, and Maria Bryson Whealan, Esq., of the Women’s Justice
Center of Westchester; Hon. William M. Erlbaum, Acting Justice, Supreme Court of
the State of New York; Hon. Joan O. Cooney, Supervising Judge, Westchester County
Family Court, and Barbara D. Finkelstein, Esq., Executive Director of Westchester-
Putnam Legal Services; and Dr. Burton Leiser of Pace University School of Law.*
Representatives of Modern Courts also have been quoted in or have written for
such diverse publications as The New York Times, the New York Law Journal,
Newsday, The New York Post, The Daily News, The New York Observer, Albany’s
Times-Union, The Daily Gazette of Schenectady, the Troy Record, The Journal
News, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel, and The Tampa (Florida) Tribune. For the
year 2000, Modern Courts will continue its role as one of the nation’s leading
resources for improving the administration of justice.
13
Community
Outreach
and
Education
* Titles and affiliations reflect those of
the participants at the time of each event in 1999.

14
Dean, Fordham University School of Law; Chairman, Board of Directors, American
Arbitration Association; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; for-
mer Chairman, New York State Commission on Government Integrity; President, Board of
Directors, Citizens Union Foundation.
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; United States Chairman of the Board of the Pirelli Group; past
President, American Judicature Society; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of
New York; member, judicial selection committee of Senator Daniel P. Moynihan; former
legislative assistant to Senator Jacob K. Javits.
Senior Counsel, Sullivan & Cromwell; past President, American Bar Foundation; past
President, American Bar Association; past President, American Judicature Society; past
President, New York State Bar Association and the New York Bar Foundation; former
Counsel to Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
Retired Partner, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett; former United States Secretary of State; past
President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; former Chairman, Federal
Reserve Bank of New York.
Principal, Wittenberg, Shaw & Ross; Adjunct Professor, NYU School of Law; former
Director, Institute of Judicial Administration; Member, Board of Directors, National
Institute for Dispute Resolution; Co-Chair, New York State Court ADR Project.
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York;
former Chair, New York State Joint Committee on Judicial Administration; former Chair,
New York State Appellate Division Task Force; Fellow, American College of Trial Lawyers.
Attorney and civic activist; Trustee, Brooklyn Law School; past President (now Vice
President), Edith C. Blum Foundation, Inc.; member, Rockefeller University Council and
the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center Advisory Board.
Professor (Emerita), Director of Archives, former Department Chair and Chief Librarian,
New York City Technical College; past President, American Printing History Association;
Secretary/Treasurer, The Typophiles, Inc.; former Chair, Historical Records and Archives
Advisory Council; author and editor of works on printing history.
Senior Managing Director, The Blackstone Group; Fellow, American College of Bankruptcy;
member, Board of Directors, Toys “R” Us, Inc. and Lone Star Industries, Inc.
Chair:
John D. Feerick
Chair Emeritus:
Robert M. Kaufman
Chair Emeritus:
Robert MacCrate
Chair Emeritus:
Cyrus R. Vance
Vice Chair and/Executive
Committee Chair:
Margaret L. Shaw
Vice Chair:
Michael A. Cardozo
Vice Chair:
Frances M. Friedman
Secretary:
Catherine T. Brody
Treasurer:
Arthur B. Newman
Officers
January 1, 1999–May 31, 1999

15
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York;
former Chair, New York State Joint Committee on Judicial Administration; former Chair,
New York State Appellate Division Task Force; immediate past Vice Chair and former
Executive Committee Chair, the Fund for Modern Courts.
Dean, Fordham University School of Law; Chairman, Board of Directors, American
Arbitration Association; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; for-
mer Chairman, New York State Commission on Government Integrity; President, Board of
Directors, Citizens Union Foundation
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; United States Chairman of the Board of the Pirelli Group; past
President, American Judicature Society; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of
New York; member, judicial selection committee of Senator Daniel P. Moynihan; former
legislative assistant to Senator Jacob K. Javits.
Senior Counsel, Sullivan & Cromwell; past President, American Bar Foundation; past
President, American Bar Association; past President, American Judicature Society; past
President, New York State Bar Association and the New York Bar Foundation; former
Counsel to Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
Retired Partner, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett; former United States Secretary of State; past
President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; former Chairman, Federal
Reserve Bank of New York.
Managing Partner, Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan, LLP; former Executive Committee member
and Finance Committee Co-Chair, the Fund for Modern Courts.
Engaged in private practice, specializing in real estate transactions and litigation, trusts and
estates, and general commercial litigation; instructor for topics in the fields of real estate,
trusts and estates, and Surrogate’s Court practice; Outreach Committee Chair, the Fund for
Modern Courts.
Principal, Wittenberg, Shaw & Ross; Adjunct Professor, NYU School of Law; former
Director, Institute of Judicial Administration; Member, Board of Directors, National
Institute for Dispute Resolution; Co-Chair, New York State Court ADR Project.
Professor (Emerita), Director of Archives, former Department Chair and Chief Librarian,
New York City Technical College; past President, American Printing History Association;
Secretary/Treasurer, The Typophiles, Inc.; former Chair, Historical Records and Archives
Advisory Council; author and editor of works on printing history.
Senior Managing Director, The Blackstone Group; Fellow, American College of Bankruptcy;
member, Board of Directors, Toys “R” Us, Inc. and Lone Star Industries, Inc.
Chair:
Michael A. Cardozo
Chair Emeritus:
John D. Feerick
Chair Emeritus:
Robert M. Kaufman
Chair Emeritus:
Robert MacCrate
Chair Emeritus:
Cyrus R. Vance
Vice Chair and/Executive
Committee Chair:
Peter A. Cross
Vice Chair:
Alfreida B. Kenny
Vice Chair:
Margaret L. Shaw
Secretary:
Catherine T. Brody
Treasurer:
Arthur B. Newman
Officers
June 1, 1999–December 31, 1999

16
Howard J. Aibel
LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae LLP
Robert A. Cantor
Robert A. Cantor, C.P.A.
Michael A. Cooper
Sullivan & Cromwell
Edward F. Cox
Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler LLP
Peter A. Cross
Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan
David B. Duboff
Network Agency Corp.
Victor M. Earle, III
O’Melveny & Myers LLP
Robert R. Elliott III
Credit Suisse/First Boston Corporation
Jeremy G. Epstein
Shearman & Sterling
Joseph E. Geoghan
Joseph E. Geoghan, Esq
Dean Kristin Booth Glen
City University of New York School of Law
Dean Howard A. Glickstein
Touro College, Jacob D. Fuchsberg
Law Center
Alan J. Hruska
Cravath, Swaine & Moore
Bruce A. Hubbard
Bruce A. Hubbard, Esq., P.C.
Sutton Keany
Winthrop, Stimson, Putnam & Roberts
Alfreida B. Kenny
Alfreida B. Kenny, Esq
Henry L. King
Davis Polk & Wardwell
John J. Kirby, Jr.
Latham & Watkins
Dean David W. Leebron
Columbia Law School
E. Nobles Lowe
Attorney at Law, Carmel, New York
Vincent A. Maffeo
ITT Industries, Inc.
Edwin B. Mishkin
Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton
Alina Molina
Community Service Society of New York
Jeanne B. Mullgrav
Office of the Attorney General
Muriel Neufeld
Nassau County Court Monitors
Robert C. Newman
The Legal Aid Society
Cecilia E. Norat
New York State Insurance Fund
William O’Shaughnessy
Whitney Radio
Lydia M. Pitts
Equitable Life Assurance Society
of the U.S.
Dean Stuart Rabinowitz
Hofstra University School of Law
Alan I. Raylesberg
Rosenman & Colin LLP
Flora Rothman
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Kirk F. Rumble
Dutchess County Court Monitors
Gerald Schoenfeld
The Shubert Organization
Dean John Sexton
New York University School of Law
Donald D. Shack
Shack & Siegel, P.C.
Doris Shaffer
Former Coordinator, Nassau County
Court Monitors
Arthur J. Soong
Soong & Liu
Dean Thomas H. Sponsler
Albany Law School
Donald I Strauber
Chadbourne & Parke, LLP
Dean Paul R. Verkuil
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Michael Weinstein
Ark Restaurant Corporation
Dean Joan Wexler
Brooklyn Law School
Lisa Whitney
Borghese, Inc.
Listing includes directors who served during 1999.
Affiliations for purposes of identification only.
Executive Committee
Margaret L. Shaw, Chair
Catherine T. Brody
Michael A. Cardozo
Peter A. Cross
John D. Feerick
Elizabeth B. Hubbard
Robert M. Kaufman
Alfreida B. Kenny
Arthur B. Newman
Donald D. Shack
Arthur J. Soong
Thomas H. Sponsler
Court Monitoring Committee
Elizabeth B. Hubbard, Chair
Howard J. Aibel
Catherine T. Brody
Alfreida B. Kenny
Robert MacCrate
Alina Molina
Muriel Neufeld
Flora Rothman
Kirk F. Rumble
Doris Shaffer
Finance Committee
Peter A. Cross, Co-Chair
Jeremy G. Epstein, Co-Chair
Howard J. Aibel
Robert A. Cantor
Gwenn L. Carr
Michael A. Cooper
Victor M. Earle, III
Robert R. Elliott III
Sutton Keany
John J. Kirby, Jr.
E. Nobles Lowe
Vincent A. Maffeo
Arthur B. Newman
Jay G. Safer
Donald I Strauber
Solomon B. Watson, IV
Lisa Whitney
Nominating Committee
Donald D. Shack, Chair
Howard J. Aibel
Dorothy H. Bracey
Catherine T. Brody
Robert A. Cantor
Frances M. Friedman
Margaret Fung
Elizabeth D. Moore
Outreach Committee
Alfreida B. Kenny, Chair
Gwenn L. Carr
David B. Duboff
Howard A. Glickstein
John J. Kirby, Jr.
Victor A. Kovner
Rachel L. Kretser
Muriel Neufeld
Cecilia E. Norat
Lisa Whitney
Task Force on Judicial
Campaign Finance Reform
Arthur J. Soong, Chair
Patricia J. Clarke
Peter A. Cross
John D. Feerick
Leo Glickman
Bruce A. Hubbard
Robert C. Newman
Donald D. Shack
Doris Shaffer
Evelyn M. Stock
Samuel J. Duboff Award
Committee
Arthur B. Newman, Chair
Robert A. Cantor
David B. Duboff
Elizabeth Duboff
Judith Duboff
Robert S. Duboff
Frances M. Friedman
Robert M. Kaufman
Fern Schair
Samuel Whitney Seymour
John J. McCloy Memorial
Award Committee
Howard J. Aibel, Chair
Robert L. Haig
Mel M. Immergut
Henry L. King
Margaret L. Shaw
John J. McCloy Memorial
Award Event Committee
Robert M. Kaufman, Chair
Hon. Robert Abrams
Howard J. Aibel
Hon. H. Douglas Barclay
Hon. Richard J. Bartlett
Melinda Aikins Bass
L. Robert Batterman
Andrea J. Berger
Sheila Birnbaum
Fortuna Calvo-Roth
Michael A. Cardozo
William J. Carroll
Michael A. Cooper
Matthew T. Crosson
Evan A. Davis
Elizabeth Duboff
Hon. John R. Dunne
Jeremy G. Epstein
Dean John D. Feerick
Dr. Raymond Fink
Allan L. Gropper
Samuel F. Harahan
Prof. William Hellerstein
Mel M. Immergut
Michael Iovenko
Hon. Hugh R. Jones
Henry L. King
Hon. Edward I. Koch
Victor A. Kovner
Ogden N. Lewis
Susan B. Lindenauer
Elizabeth Lubetkin Lipton
Nancy M. Louden
Hon. Kathryn McDonald
Hon. Bernard S. Meyer
Henry G. Miller
James C. Moore
Hon. Francis T. Murphy
Arthur B. Newman
Bernard W. Nussbaum
Barbara Berger Opotowsky
Robert L. Ostertag
Dean Richard Ottinger
Anthony R. Palermo
Stanley Plesent
Bettina B. Plevan
Lynn Hecht Schafran
Gerald Schoenfeld
Samuel Whitney Seymour
Donald D. Shack
Margaret L. Shaw
Carol Sherman
William K. Slate
Edith I. Spivack
Stuart A. Summit
Justin L. Vigdor
Dean Joan G. Wexler
George B. Yankwitt
NOTE: Michael A. Cardozo and
Peter A. Cross are ex-officio
members of all committees.
Committees
Board of Directors

17
Advisory Boards
CAPITAL DISTRICT
Coordinator: Helga A. Schroeter
Aimee Allaud — Albany
Hon. Richard J. Bartlett — Glens Falls
Rabbi Bernard H. Bloom — Schenectady
Maxine H. Borom — Schenectady
Joseph H. Boyd — Chatham
Ann M. Brandon — Delmar
William J. Carroll — Albany
Mary Ann Cleaves — Troy
Paul Coffey — Valatie
Judith V. Condo — East Greenbush
Burr V. Deitz — Albany
Geri deSeve — Troy
Anne MacLean Donnelly — Schenectady
Hon. John R. Dunne — Albany
Betty Gallagher — Saratoga Springs
Rema Goldstein — Albany
Dr. Alice Green — Albany
Marie Lynch Haberl — Schenectady
Bishop Howard Hubbard — Albany
Judith Jacobs — Schenectady
Hon. Karen Johnson — Schenectady
Rev. Dr. Arleon L. Kelley — Albany
Ellen Kotlow — Slingerlands
Rachel L. Kretser — Delmar
Janet Linkinhoker — Schenectady
Frederick G. Miller — Albany
Jim Murphy — Scotia
J. Michael Naughton, Jr. — Albany
Martha M. Neugebauer — Schenectady
Terry O’Connor — Troy
Melvin H. Osterman, Jr. — Albany
Carol Praylor — Albany
Lillemor T. Robb — Latham
Keith C. St. John — Albany
Dr. Ernest L. Siew — Congers
Jay Simson — Schenectady
Lorrie J. Smith — West Sand Lake
Dean Thomas H. Sponsler — Albany
Dr. Maren A. Stein — Troy
Randolph F. Treece — Albany
Carol S. Wallace — Albany
Hon. Thomas Whalen — Feurabush
Michael Whiteman — Albany
NASSAU COUNTY
Prof. Burton C. Agata — Hofstra University
School of Law
Robert J. Aliano — Garden City
Hon. Carol Berman — Lawrence
Frederick K. Brewington — West Hempstead
Ellen Casey — Garden City
Gerald T. Casey — Port Washington
Sheila Cohen — Freeport
Roma Connable — Roslyn
Joan Delaney — Baldwin
Joan Dougherty — Roosevelt
Rene P. Feichter — Carle Place
Dorothy B. Fisher — Garden City
Sister Janet A. Fitzgerald — Molloy College
Joseph Frisch — Woodmere
Hon. Joseph Jaspan — Woodmere
Lillian Kozak — Roslyn
Seymour S. Lesser — Valley Stream
Francis B. Looney — Farmingdale
Robert MacCrate — Plandome
Rev. Dr. Arthur L. Mackey — Roosevelt
Hon. Bernard S. Meyer — Mineola
Gloria Miller — Long Beach
Judith W. Miodownik — Roslyn
Dr. Roslyn Muraskin — Brookville
Muriel E. Neufeld — Great Neck
Hon. May W. Newburger — Great Neck
Dean Barbara T. Pace — Hofstra University
School of Law
Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr. — Locust Valley
Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr. — Locust Valley
Elisa M. Pugliese — Hicksville
Victoria Quesada — West Hempstead
Dean Stuart Rabinowitz — Hofstra
University School of Law
Mark A. Resnick — Garden City
Edward T. Robinson, III — Oyster Bay
Dr. Matthew Schure — Old Westbury
Robyn Schneider — Carle Place
Ruth S. Shur — Port Washington
Andrew J. Simons — Uniondale
Jeffrey Sorge — Hempstead
Hon. Jeffrey G. Stark — Mineola
SUFFOLK COUNTY
Veronica A. Aiken — Riverhead
Janet Brevoort Allen — Huntington Station
Jean Almazan — Dix Hills
Hon. Frederic Block — Brooklyn (?)
John P. Bracken — Islandia
Victoria T. Brown — Kings Park
Richard C. Cahn — Melville
Matthew T. Crosson — Commack
Joseph DeVincent — Amityville
Duncan Elder — Cold Spring Harbor
Catherine T. England — Centerreach
Marilyn T. Fitterman — East Hampton
Harriet A. Gilliam — Riverhead
Dean Howard A. Glickstein —
Touro Law Center
Jacqueline Gordon — West Bayshore
Robert C. Gottlieb — Commack
Benjamin Greshin — Smithtown
Phyllis Haber — Huntington
Katherine Heaviside — Huntington
Elizabeth B. Hubbard — Huntington
Ida Keats — East Hampton
W. Perry Keats — East Hampton
Ruth Kleinfeld — Islandia
Lynne Adair Kramer — Commack
Donna M. Krupin — Wading River
James Larocca — Garden City
Hon. Leon D. Lazer — Huntington
Hon. Michael A. LoGrande — Cutchogue
Helen P. McIntyre — Dix Hills
Father Frank Pizzarelli — Port Jefferson
Joshua M. Pruzansky — Smithtown
Charles J. Rappaport — Melville
Ruth Reynolds — Hauppauge
Sidney R. Siben — Bay Shore
Ira P. Sloane — Smithtown
Pearl F. Staller — Huntington
Mildred P. Strassberg — Stony Brook
Warren I. Titus — Melville
Janet Walerstein — Commack
Barry L. Warren — Smithtown
Hon. Morton Willen — Hauppauge

18
Officers
January 1, 1999–May 31, 1999
The Committee For Modern Courts
Dean, Fordham University School of Law; Chairman, Board of Directors, American
Arbitration Association; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; for-
mer Chairman, New York State Commission on Government Integrity; President, Board of
Directors, Citizens Union Foundation.
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; United States Chairman of the Board of the Pirelli Group; past
President, American Judicature Society; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of
New York; member, judicial selection committee of Senator Daniel P. Moynihan; former
legislative assistant to Senator Jacob K. Javits.
Senior Counsel, Sullivan & Cromwell; past President, American Bar Foundation; past
President, American Bar Association; past President, American Judicature Society; past
President, New York State Bar Association and the New York Bar Foundation; former
Counsel to Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
Retired Partner, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett; former United States Secretary of State; past
President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; former Chairman, Federal
Reserve Bank of New York.
Principal, Wittenberg, Shaw & Ross; Adjunct Professor, NYU School of Law; former
Director, Institute of Judicial Administration; Member, Board of Directors, National
Institute for Dispute Resolution; Co-Chair, New York State Court ADR Project.
Court Monitoring Committee Chair and former Executive Director, the Fund for Modern
Courts; past President and former Judicial Director, League of Women Voters of New York
State; former member, Temporary State Commission to Study the Court System and New
York State Bar Association Committee on Courts and the Community.
Senior Managing Director, The Blackstone Group; Fellow, American College of Bankruptcy;
member, Board of Directors, Toys “R” Us, Inc. and Lone Star Industries, Inc.
Chair:
John D. Feerick
Chair Emeritus:
Robert M. Kaufman
Chair Emeritus:
Robert MacCrate
Chair Emeritus:
Cyrus R. Vance
Vice Chair and/Executive
Committee Chair:
Margaret L. Shaw
Secretary:
Elizabeth B. Hubbard
Treasurer:
Arthur B. Newman
The Committee for Modern Courts, the lobbying and advocacy affiliate of the Fund for Modern Courts, is a private,
nonpartisan, nonprofit organization incorporated under § 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code. The Committee
lobbies for legislation designed to improve the administration of justice in New York. Contributions to the Committee
for Modern Courts are not tax-deductible.

19
Officers
June 1, 1999–December 31, 1999
The Committee For Modern Courts
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York;
former Chair, New York State Joint Committee on Judicial Administration; former Chair,
New York State Appellate Division Task Force; immediate past Vice Chair and former
Executive Committee Chair, the Fund for Modern Courts.
Dean, Fordham University School of Law; Chairman, Board of Directors, American
Arbitration Association; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; for-
mer Chairman, New York State Commission on Government Integrity; President, Board of
Directors, Citizens Union Foundation.
Partner, Proskauer Rose LLP; United States Chairman of the Board of the Pirelli Group; past
President, American Judicature Society; past President, Association of the Bar of the City of
New York; member, judicial selection committee of Senator Daniel P. Moynihan; former
legislative assistant to Senator Jacob K. Javits.
Senior Counsel, Sullivan & Cromwell; past President, American Bar Foundation; past
President, American Bar Association; past President, American Judicature Society; past
President, New York State Bar Association and the New York Bar Foundation; former
Counsel to Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
Retired Partner, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett; former United States Secretary of State; past
President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York; former Chairman, Federal
Reserve Bank of New York.
Managing Partner, Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan, LLP; former Executive Committee member
and Finance Committee Co-Chair, the Fund for Modern Courts.
Principal, Shack & Siegel, P.C.; past President and member, Board of Directors, New York
Civil Liberties Union; member, Board of Directors, Ark Restaurants Corp., International
Citrus Corp., and Just Toys, Inc.; Nominating Committee Chair, Fund for Modern Courts.
Principal, Wittenberg, Shaw & Ross; Adjunct Professor, NYU School of Law; former
Director, Institute of Judicial Administration; Member, Board of Directors, National
Institute for Dispute Resolution; Co-Chair, New York State Court ADR Project; immediate
past Executive Committee Chair, the Fund for Modern Courts.
Dean, Albany Law School; former dean and professor, Loyola Law School, New Orleans;
former managing counsel, Professional Liability Section, FDIC; former director of staff
attorneys, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Court Monitoring Committee Chair and former Executive Director, the Fund for Modern
Courts; past President and former Judicial Director, League of Women Voters of New York
State; former member, Temporary State Commission to Study the Court System and New
York State Bar Association Committee on Courts and the Community.
Senior Managing Director, The Blackstone Group; Fellow, American College of Bankruptcy.
Member, Board of Directors, Toys “R” Us, Inc. and Lone Star Industries, Inc.
Chair:
Michael A. Cardozo
Chair Emeritus:
John D. Feerick
Chair Emeritus:
Robert M. Kaufman
Chair Emeritus:
Robert MacCrate
Chair Emeritus:
Cyrus R. Vance
Executive Committee Chair:
Peter A. Cross
Vice Chair:
Donald D. Shack
Vice Chair:
Margaret L. Shaw
Vice Chair:
Dean Thomas H. Sponsler
Secretary:
Elizabeth B. Hubbard
Treasurer:
Arthur B. Newman

20
f
Board of Directors
Legislative Committee
Matthew T. Crosson, Co-Chair
Jay G. Safer, Co-Chair
Laura C. Altschuler
Lenore H. Banks
Richard J. Bartlett
Dorothy H. Bracey
John P. Bracken
John R. Dunne
Robert L. Haig
John R. Horan
Elizabeth B. Hubbard
Robert M. Kaufman
Victor A. Kovner
Franz S. Leichter
A. Thomas Levin
Bettina B. Plevan
Fern Schair
Samuel Whitney Seymour
Shirley Adelson Siegel
David O. Simon
Jeffrey G. Stark
Evelyn M. Stock
Gail Yaus
Hon. Robert Abrams
Stroock & Stroock & Lavan
Laura C. Altschuler
Citizen Representative
Frank P. Augustine
Former Editor, Watertown Daily Times
Lenore H. Banks
League of Women Voters of
New York State
Hon. H. Douglas Barclay
Hiscock & Barclay, LLP
Hon. Richard J. Bartlett
Bartlett, Pontiff, Stewart & Rhodes, P.C.
Joseph H. Boyd, Jr.
Attorney at Law
Prof. Dorothy H. Bracey
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
John P. Bracken
Bracken & Margolin, LLP
Gwenn L. Carr
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
Mary Ann Cleaves
Capital District Court Monitors
Sol Neil Corbin
Corbin Silverman & Sanseverino LLP
Matthew T. Crosson
The Long Island Association
Hon. John R. Dunne
Whiteman Osterman & Hanna
Haliburton Fales, 2nd
White & Case
Kevin J. Farrelly
Gruen & Farrelly, LLP
Margaret Fung
Asian-American Legal Defense and
Education Fund
Judah Gribetz
Richards & O’Neil, LLP
Robert L. Haig
Kelley Drye & Warren LLP
Hon. G. Oliver Koppell
Canhy Karlinsky & Stein LLP
Victor A. Kovner
Davis Wright Tremaine LLP
Rachel L. Kretser
Office of the Attorney General of the State
of New York
Hon. Franz S. Leichter
Walter, Conston, Alexander & Green, P.C.
Richard B. Long
Coughlin & Gerhart, L.L.P.
Hon. Bernard S. Meyer
Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C.
Elizabeth D. Moore
Nixon Peabody LLP
Maxwell S. Pfeifer
Attorney at Law
Joan T. Photiadis
League of Women Voters of New York State
Bettina B. Plevan
Proskauer Rose LLP
Joshua M. Pruzansky
Greshin, Ziegler & Pruzansky
M. Catherine Richardson
Bond, Schoeneck & King, LLP
Barbara Paul Robinson
Debevoise & Plimpton
Jay G. Safer
LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae, L.L.P.
Fern Schair
American Arbitration Association
Samuel Whitney Seymour
Sullivan & Cromwell
Whitney North Seymour, Jr.
Landy & Seymour
Shirley Adelson Siegel
Former Solicitor General of New York
David O. Simon
FOJP Service Corporation
Hon. Jeffrey G. Stark
Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C.
Keith C. St. John
Minority Counsel’s Office,
New York State Senate
Evelyn M. Stock
League of Women Voters of New York State
Robert B. Tierney
AT&T
Randolph F. Treece
Office of the New York State Comptroller
Justin L. Vigdor
Boylan, Brown, Code, Vigdor & Wilson, LLP
Solomon B. Watson, IV
The New York Times Company
Gail Yaus
State University of New York at Binghamton
The Committee For Modern Courts

21
Staff
Steven M. Zeidman, Executive Director, joined Modern Courts in August, 1999. A graduate of Duke
University School of Law, Mr. Zeidman came to Modern Courts after teaching at New York University
School of Law. He continues to teach as an adjunct professor at Pace University School of Law. Earlier
in his career, Mr. Zeidman was a supervising attorney with the Legal Aid Society. He serves on the
Board of Directors of Prisoners’ Legal Services, is a member of the Criminal Courts Committee of the
Association of the Bar of the City of New York, and is Co-Chair of the New York County Lawyers’
Association Task Force on the Representation of the Indigent. He served as Subcommittee Chair of
Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye’s Jury Project, and as a member of the Sentencing Reform Act Commission.
Mr. Zeidman has lectured at numerous professional and bar associations and is also the author of sev-
eral articles and essays.
Barbara E. Reed, Associate Executive Director, is a graduate of Hofstra University School of Law. She
joined Modern Courts as Assistant Director in July, 1998, and served as Acting Executive Director from
January through July, 1999. Ms. Reed is a member of Citizens for Independent Courts’ Task Force on
Selecting State Court Judges, and served as co-reporter for the Task Force’s final report, Choosing
Justice: Reforming the Selection of State Judges. She also works on judicial campaign finance reform
and “pay-to-play” issues for the Committee on Government Ethics of the Association of the Bar of the
City of New York. Ms. Reed is a member of the American Judicature Society’s State Court Resources
Committee, and has served on the Board of Directors of the Nassau Chapter of the New York Civil
Liberties Union.
Kimyetta R. Robinson, Assistant Director, joined Modern Courts in January, 1999. She is a graduate
of Columbia University with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. Ms. Robinson coordinates court
monitoring projects in New York City and on Long Island, and writes and edits reports and other publi-
cations. She also works with various Board committees, and serves as liaison to the Court Monitoring
and Nominating Committees.
Nicholas S. Herman served as an Assistant Director from 1990 to July, 1999. A graduate of Columbia
University with a Bachelor of Arts in History, Mr. Herman served on a part-time basis as a general office
manager, providing administration, bookkeeping, and compliance support. Mr. Herman, director and
percussionist for a Latin jazz band, is now pursuing his musical career full-time.
Helga A. Schroeter joined Modern Courts in 1989 as Legislative Liaison and Coordinator of the
Capital District Chapter. She is a past President of the League of Women Voters of Schenectady County
and a founder of Families for the Future. She has received the Liberty Bell Award from the Schenectady
County Bar Association in recognition of outstanding community service work, and the Human Rights
Player’s Award from the State Division of Human Rights. Ms. Schroeter administers court monitoring
projects in Albany, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties, and coordinates lobbying efforts
for the Committee for Modern Courts.
Simone J. Lewis, Administrative Assistant, joined Modern Courts in 1998 on a part-time basis while
completing her Bachelor of Arts in Film and Media Studies. In December, 1999, she assumed the role
on a full-time basis, and provides clerical and project support for the staff and the Board of Directors.
Anthony Bonan and Lee-Althea Griffith worked as Modern Courts Interns during 1999. Mr. Bonan and
Ms. Griffith, both students at Columbia University, assisted with research and a variety of other projects.

Test type
for the head
which ruys
In Appreciation
22
With great pleasure and pride,
the Fund for Modern Courts extends
sincere thanks to those who
supported our efforts in 1999.
$10,000 and above
Corporations
The Philip Morris Companies, Inc.
Foundations
Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc.
The New York Community Trust –
Robert M. Kaufman Fund
$5,000–9,999
Corporations
Bristol Myers Squibb Company
ITT Industries
Toys “R” Us, Inc.
Foundations
Edith C. Blum Foundation, Inc.
J. M. Kaplan Fund, Inc., The
Shubert Foundation, Inc., The
Individuals
Kaufman, Robert M
Law Firms
Chadbourne & Parke LLP
Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton
Cravath, Swaine & Moore
Davis Polk & Wardwell
Dewey Ballantine LLP
Kelley Drye & Warren LLP
Proskauer Rose LLP
Shearman & Sterling
Simpson Thacher & Bartlett
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
Sullivan & Cromwell
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP
Other Organizations
Fordham University School of Law
$2,500–4,999
Corporations
Bell Atlantic Corporation
Consolidated Edison, Inc.
Individuals
Aibel, Howard and Katherine
Cardozo, Michael A.
Law Firms
Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft
Carter, Ledyard & Milburn
Davis & Gilbert LLP
Debevoise & Plimpton
Gilbert, Segall and Young LLP
Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan, LLP
Kaufman, Borgeest & Ryan
Latham & Watkins
Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler LLP
Sidley & Austin
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
$1,500–2,499
Corporations
American Home Products Corporation
Guardian Life Insurance Company of America
Lazard LLC
Merck & Co., Inc.
Metropolitan Life Foundation
Morgens, Waterfall, Vintiadis & Co, Inc.
Viacom International Inc.
Foundations
Ames Family Fund, Inc., The
Easton Foundation
Paul Singer Family Fund, The
Individuals
Newman, Arthur B.
Schair, Fern and Alexander Forger
Law Firms
Dorsey & Whitney Foundation
Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP
Lankler Siffert & Wohl LLP
Rosenman & Colin LLP
Shack & Siegel, P. C.
Other Organizations
American Arbitration Association
$1,000–1,499
Corporations
Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
Foundations
The Evan M. Frankel Foundation
The Joseph E. and Katherine M. Geoghan
Fund
The Richard Foundation
Individuals
Cooper, Michael A.
Cross, Peter A.
Epstein, Jeremy G.
Kirby, John J., Jr.
McDonald, Hon. Kathryn
Shaw, Margaret L.
Law Firms
Aaronson Rappaport Feinstein & Deutsch, LLP
Arnold & Porter
Davis Wright Tremaine LLP
Fish & Neave
Fitzpatrick, Cella, Harper & Scinto
Fulbright & Jaworski L.L.P.
Leboeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae L.L.P.
Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C.
Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach LLP
Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP
Shaub, Ahmuty, Citrin & Spratt, LLP
Werner & Kennedy
Wilson, Elser, Moskowitz, Edelman & Dicker LLP
Vladeck, Waldman, Elias & Engelhard, P.C.
$500–999
Corporations
Bowne of New York
DSFX
Foundations
Donald and Doris Shaffer Philanthropic
Fund of the Jewish Communal Fund
Individuals
Barclay, Hon. H. Douglas
Bracey, Prof. Dorothy H.
Duboff, David B.
Felder, Barry G. and Robyn L
Haig, Robert L.
Lindenauer, Susan B.
Maffeo, Vincent A.
Neufeld, Muriel
O’Shaughnessy, William
Plesent, Stanley
Plevan, Bettina and Kenneth
Shack, Donald D.
Silberberg, Richard H.
Trost, J. Ronald
Law Firms
Edwards & Angell, LLP
Esanu Katsky Korins & Siger, LLP
Feinberg Group, LLP, The
Morrison & Foerster Foundation, The
Morvillo, Abramowitz, Grand, Iason &
Silberberg, P.C.
Plunkett & Jaffe, P.C.
Reed Smith Shaw & McClay LLP
$1–499
Corporations
National Flag & Display Co., Inc.
Foundations
F. & J.S. Fund Inc.
The Open Society Institute
Individuals
Acar, Cigdem A.
Adams, Hon. Jody
Aibel, Howard J.
Alcott, Mark
Alt, Susan
Altman, Hon. Myriam
Altschuler, Laura C.
Augustine, Frank P.
Bamberger, Michael A.
Barnett, Helaine
Bartlett, Hon. Richard J.
Bass, Melinda Atkins
Batterman, L. Robert
Berger, Andrea J.
Bernard, Robert A.
Brenner, Frank
Brody, Prof. Catherine T.
Brown, Gary S.
Brown, Victoria T.
Cantor, Robert A.
Carroll, William J.
Chernick, Richard
Clark, Merrell E., Jr.

23
In Appreciation
Cohen, Sheila
Cooper, Michael A.
Corbin, Sol Neil
Davidson, George A.
Delaney, James J.
Dentzer, William T.
DeSeve, Geraldine
DeWind, Adrian W.
DiGiovanni, Johanna M.
Driver, Martha and Al
Duboff, Elizabeth
Dunne, John R.
Earle, III, Victor M.
Ellerin, Hon. Betty Weinberg
England, Catherine T.
Fales 2nd, Haliburton
Farrelly, Kevin J.
Felder, Myrna
Field, Marjory D.
Filene, Adele B.
First, Edythe W.
Fishman, Fred N.
Frank, Beatrice and Lloyd
Freedman, Hon. Helen E.
Fung, Margaret
Garfinkle, Barry H.
Gerrard, Michael and Barbara
Glen, Dean Kristin Booth
Glickstein, Dean Howard A.
Goodman, Jill Laurie
Greenberg, Daniel
Greenberg, Ira G.
Gropper, Allan and Jane
Gross, John H.
Gutekunst, Claire, and Arthur Perlman
Haig, Robert L.
Harahan, Samuel F.
Harris, David, M.D.
Hellerstein, William E.
Hollister, Gail D.
Hubbard, Bruce A.
Hyman, Jerome E.
Iovenko, Michael
Jacobs, Israel S.
Jerome, John J.
Jewell, Ruth C.
Jones, Hon. Hugh R. and Jean M.
Kaplan, Daniel R.
Kaye, Stephen R.
Keller, George and Elli Robinson
Kempton, Elizabeth E.
Kenny, Alfreida B.
Kilson, Nancy A.
Krane, Steven C.
Kretser, Rachel L.
Labaton, Edward
Lans, Deborah E.
Larabee, Hon. Susan R.
Lazar, Nancy L.
Liebman, Carol B.
Lipton, Elizabeth Lubetkin
Long, Richard B.
Louden, Nancy M.
Lowe, E. Nobles
Lusskin, Phyllis
Masley, Andrea
Meyer, Hon. Bernard S.
Milberg, Frances
Miller, Alfred
Miller, Henry S.
Moore, Darla D.
Moreland, Thomas H.
Moskowitz, Karla
Mullgrav, Jeanne B.
Nathan, 3rd, Edgar J.
Newman, Robert C.
O’Blenes, Carol
Okinaga, Lawrence S.
Oliensis, Sheldon
Pfeiffer, Maxwell S.
Piel, Eleanor Jackson
Reynolds, Ruth A.
Robinson, Barbara Paul
Rothman, Flora
Rothstein, Alan
Rumble, Kirk F.
Schafran, Lynn Hecht
Safer, Jay G.
Samuels, Dorothy
Scheyer, Daniel
Schroeter, Helga A.
Schumacher, Harry R.
Schur, Ruth
Sexton, Brendan
Seymour, Karen and Samuel
Sherman, Carol
Siegel, Shirley Adelson
Silbermann, Hon. Jacqueline W.
Silver, Edward
Slutsky, Lorie A.
Solomon, Jane
Sonberg, Michael R.
Spivack, Edith I.
Stark, Hon. Jeffrey G.
Stock, Evelyn M.
Strauber, Donald I
Sweet, Robert and Adele
Vermeulen, Joan
Vigdor, Justin L.
Warner, Rita Wasserstein
Warshauer, Irene C.
Wexler, Dean Joan G.
Weiner, Stephen L.
Zuckerman, Hon. Ruth Jane
Law Firms
Bartlett, Pontiff, Stewart & Rhodes, P.C.
Berke-Weiss & Pechman LLP
Bracken & Margolin, LLP
Butler, Fitzgerald & Potter, P.C.
Clark, Gagliardi, & Miller, P.C.
Coblence & Warner
Cronin, Law Offices of Denis F.
Flamhaft Levy Kamins & Hirsch
Harrington Henry LLP
Morrison Cohen Singer & Weinstein, LLP
Nixon Peabody LLP
Orans, Elsen & Lupert LLP
Philips Nizer Benjamin Krim & Ballon LLP
Schindler Cohen & Hochman LLP
Stillman & Friedman, P.C.
Winthrop, Stimson, Putnam & Roberts
Other Organizations
City University of New York School of Law
IOLA Fund of the State of New York
Medical and Health Research Association of
New York City
National Economic Research Association
New York Lawyers for the Public Interest
In-Kind Contributions
Andrews, John M.
Fong, Sandy

24
Budget
Audited
Audited
2000
1999
1998
E X P E N S E S
Salaries
255,000
134,323
158,611
Employee Benefits and Payroll Taxes 35,000
24,880
26,525
Occupancy
59,000
37,290
33,215
Professional Fees
15,000
8,000
31,650
Conferences
15,000
14,090
13,021
Printing and Publications
35,000
13,338
10,141
Office Supplies
15,000
9,394
9,750
Telephone/Communications
12,500
4,927
3,680
Postage/Delivery Services
13,000
9,412
13,183
Equipment and Repair
17,500
9,220
6,313
Subscriptions and Dues
2,500
2,083
1,820
Travel
2,500
1,450
2,928
Depreciation
4,000
4,104
3,252
Consulting Fees
12,000
11,516
3,455
Miscellaneous
20,000
5,204
2,438
T O T A L
518,000*
289,231
319,982
I N C O M E
Unrestricted Income
350,000
286,642
316,918
Restricted Income
225,000*
15,000
17,715
T O T A L
575,000
301,642
334,633
Surplus (Deficit)
57,000
12,411
14,651
* Reflects assumption of responsibility for the Citizens Jury Project by the Fund for Modern Courts, pursuant to
an agreement with the New York State Office of Court Administration.
The IRS has determined that contributions to the Fund for Modern Courts are tax-deductible under
section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Copies of audited financial statements are available from
Modern Courts upon request. A copy of our latest financial filing may be obtained by writing to the New York
State Department of Law, Charities Bureau, 120 Broadway, New York, New York 10271 or to The Fund for
Modern Courts, 351 West 54th Street, Suite 1200, New York, New York 10019.
1999 Financial Report
with 2000 Budget and 1998 comparative statement

The Fund for Modern Courts presented its 1999 John J. McCloy Memorial Award
to Fern Schair, in recognition of her inspirational leadership in efforts to improve
judicial selection, judicial administration, and the courts' service to the public.
Ms. Schair, the first woman to receive the McCloy Award, has long been a
leader in the court reform movement. She has served as a consultant to the Program
on the Legal Profession of the Soros Foundation’s Open Society Institute, and to the
Civil Justice Program of the Fund for the City of New York. She was also the first
woman to serve as Executive Secretary and
Chief Administrative Officer of the Association
of the Bar of the City of New York, from 1992
to 1997. Currently a member of the Board of
Directors of the Committee for Modern Courts,
she also served as Executive Director of the
Fund for Modern Courts from 1974 to 1982,
and as Chair of the organization’s Executive
Committee from 1990 to 1995. In addition,
Ms. Schair has served as President of the
Children’s Law Center, a Vice President of the
Women’s City Club, and a member of a number
of governing boards, including the Permanent
Judicial Commission on Justice for Children
and the Commission on Women in the Courts.
Dean John D. Feerick, Chair of Modern Courts’ Board of Directors, opened the
evening’s program, and introduced New York State Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye. Judge
Kaye heralded Ms. Schair’s leadership in the effort to improve the administration of
justice in New York, and joined Event Committee Chair Robert M. Kaufman in pre-
senting the award. In accepting the award, Ms. Schair urged those in attendance to
continue their efforts to broaden access to justice and to improve the courts for the
state’s most vulnerable constituencies.
The McCloy Award is named in honor of John J. McCloy, who served as Chair of
the Fund and Committee for Modern Courts from 1961 to 1978. The award honors
lawyers who have made outstanding contributions to improving the administration of
justice in New York State. Past honorees are Hon. Hugh L. Carey, Hon. Hugh R. Jones,
Robert M. Kaufman, Hon. Edward I. Koch, Robert MacCrate, and Hon. Cyrus R. Vance.
Left: Ms. Schair accepts the award and
urges guests to continue fighting to
improve access to justice.
The John J. McCloy
Memorial Award
Design by
Marleen Adlerblum
Printed by
Encore Digital Imaging, Inc.
Left to right: Dean John D. Feerick,
Modern Courts’ Chair; joins Chief Judge
Judith S. Kaye, Fern Schair, and Chair
Emeritus Robert M. Kaufman in display-
ing the award.

The Fund for
Modern Courts
351 West 54th Street
New York, New York
10019
(212) 541-6741
e-mail: justice@moderncourts.org
www.moderncourts.org
The Fund for Modern
Courts, Inc., a nonpartisan,
nonprofit, statewide court
reform organization, is
concerned with the quality
and administration of
justice in New York State.
The Fund researches the
problems confronting the
state court system
and sponsors programs
educating the public
about the urgent need for
improvement.